Thyroid disorders are conditions that affect the thyroid gland. The Thyroid gland is a butterfly shaped organ located in the base of neck. It releases hormones that control metabolism. The thyroid has important roles to regulate numerous metabolic processes throughout the body. The thyroid gland is about 2-inches long and lies in front of throat below the prominence of thyroid cartilage sometimes called the Adam’s apple. The thyroid has two sides called lobes that lie on either side of windpipe, and is usually connected by a strip of thyroid tissue known as an isthmus.Conventional thyroid treatment rely mainly on drugs and surgery. Alternative thyroid treatment attempt to relieve some of the discomfort associated with thyroid problems, or to improve the function of the thyroid gland through approaches ranging from diet supplements and herbal remedies to lifestyle changes and special exercises.

Functions: The function of the thyroid gland is regulated by a feedback mechanism involving the brain and including:

  • Breathing
  • Heart rate
  • Central and peripheral nervous systems
  • Body weight
  • Muscle strength
  • Menstrual cycles
  • Body temperature
  • Cholesterol levels
  • Much more!

Thyroid Disorders: There are two types of thyroid disorders; i.e. Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism.

Hyperthyroidism: A condition in which thyroid gland produces too much of the hormone thyroxin. Its symptoms are listed as:

  • Anxiety
  • Irritability or moodiness
  • Nervousness, hyperactivity
  • Sweating or sensitivity to high temperatures
  • Hand trembling (shaking)
  • Hair loss
  • Missed or light menstrual periods

Treatments for Hyperthyroidism:Thyroid hormone production can be suppressed or halted completely in these ways:

  • Radioactive iodide treatment
  • Anti-thyroid medication
  • Surgery

Hypothyroidism: It accelerate body’s metabolism significantly, causing sudden weight loss, a rapid or irregular heartbeat, sweating, and nervousness or irritability. Some symptoms of hypothyroidism:

  • Trouble sleeping
  • Tiredness and fatigue
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Dry skin and hair
  • Depression
  • Sensitivity to cold temperature
  • Frequent, heavy periods
  • Joint and muscle pain

Treating Hypothyroidism: Hypothyroidism calls for a lifelong regimen of thyroid replacement. No surgical techniques, alternative medicine, or conventional drugs can increase the thyroid’s hormone production once it slows down. Doctors generally prescribe synthetic forms of thyroid hormone, such as levothyroxine. Side effects are rare, but some people experience nervousness or chest pain while taking these drugs; usually, adjusting the levels of medication will alleviate any unpleasant effects. Tell your doctor if you are also taking tricyclic antidepressants, estrogens, the blood-thinning drug warfarin, the heart drug digitalis, or if you have diabetes, to make sure medications don’t interfere with the thyroid treatment. Magnesium, aluminum, iron and even soy may interfere.

Alternative Medicine for Thyroid Treatment:

Thyroid treatment is usually easily corrected with conventional medicine. Consult endocrinologist about using alternative therapies, which aim to cleanse the system, restore immune function, and balance hormone production and release.

Naturopathy and TCM: A naturopath may treat thyroid condition with homeopathic mixtures, herbs, preparations based on traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), which attributes thyroid disease to emotional distress, and acupuncture. Both methods aim to remove blocks to one’s ”life force energy.”

Chiropractors: Chiropractors use spinal manipulation to treat symptoms of thyroid disorders by reducing muscle tension and improving blood circulation. A diet rich in protein, calcium, magnesium, and iodine supports thyroid function. Patient want to be sure that he is receiving enough of all the B vitamins, vitamin A, and vitamin C.


Hence, it could be concluded that thyroid treatment is common in primary care medicine and most can be diagnosed and treated satisfactorily by the primary care physician. Correct thyroid treatment  disease enables the clinician to effectively manage the patient and thus vastly improve the patient’s quality of life. The importance of the use of thyroid treatment is not only required for the diagnosis of the condition but also for the long- term management of the patient. It is a fundamental tool in thyroid treatment as well as guiding the clinician with regard to dose nitration. Source